Disease Information (click to learn more)

The mission of Barren River District’s Communicable Disease Team (CD Team) is to prevent and control the spread of disease within the community.

 

Obligation to Report—902 KAR 2:020 requires health professionals to report the following diseases to the local health department or district serving the jurisdiction in which the patient resides or to the Kentucky Department for Public Health (KDPH).

 

This list of Kentucky’s Notifiable Diseases and Conditions contains the names of the disease or condition, the CDC recommended test for public health case classification, and the timeframe in which reporting is required to occur. Please note that this list DOES NOT include HIV/AIDS or other Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).

To report a disease on this list, please contact a member of our communicable disease team. Click
here for contact information.

Agent
Organism
CDC Recommended Test
Report Within

Anthrax

Bacillus anthracis

Culture, PCR, IHC

24 hours

Arboviral Diseases, neuroinvasive and non-neuroinvasive

Includes California group, Eastern Equine, St. Louis, Venezuelan Equine, Western Equine, West Nile Viruses, Chikungunya virus, Powassan virus, and Zika virus disease or infection

Isolation, PCR

24 hours

Babesiosis

Babesia spp.

Culture, PCR, NAAT

5 days

Botulism

Clostridium botulinum

Isolation

24 hours

Brucellosis

Brucella spp.

Culture and identification, PCR

24 hours

Campylobacteriosis

Campylobacter spp.

Isolation, PCR

24 hours

Cholera

Vibrio cholera O1/O139

24 hours

Culture

Coccidioidomycosis

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Coccidioides spp.

Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE) and other prion diseases

Culture, EIA, Serology

WB confirmed protease-resistant PrP

5 days

5 days

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidium spp.

PCR, EIA, DFA, Microscopy

24 hours

Cyclosporiasis

Cyclospora cayetanensis

PCR, Microscopy

5 days

Dengue Virus Infections

Diphtheria

E. coli

0157:H7, Shiga toxin positive (STEC) 

Ehrlichiosis

Dengue virus

Culture, PCR, IHC, or IFA

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

Isolation and identification

Shiga-toxin producing bacteria

Isolation and identification

Ehrlichia chaffeensis

Culture, PCR, IFA

1 day

24 hours

24 hours

5 days

Giardiasis

Giardia lamblia

EIA, DFA, Microscopy

5 days

Haemophilus Influenza, Invasive Disease

Haemophilus Influenza

Isolation and identification, PCR

24 hours

Hansen’s Disease

Mycobacterium leprae

Microscopy

24 hours

Hantavirus Infection

Hantaviruses

PCR, ELISA, IFA, Western blot

24 hours

Hemolytic Uremia Syndrome (HUS), post-diarrheal

Anemia with microangiopathic on peripheral blood smear AND Renal injury

1 day

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A virus

IgM, NAAT

24 hours

Hepatitis B, acute

Hepatitis B virus

HBsAg AND IgM antibody

1 day

Hepatitis B, perinatal infection

Hepatitis B virus

HBsAg, HBeAg, HBV DNA

1 day

Hepatitis C, acute

Hepatitis C virus

HCV antibody, HCV RNA

5 days

Hepatitis C, perinatal infection

Hepatitis C virus

HCV RNA, HCV genotype, HCV antigen

5 days

Histoplasmosis 

Histoplasma capsulatum var. farciminosum 

Culture, PCR, Serology

5 days

Invasive Pneumococcal Disease (IPD)

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Isolation

1 day

Lead poisoning, <16 Years

Blood lead concentration of ≥5 µg/dL (0.24 µmol/L)

5 days

Lead poisoning, ≥16 Years

Blood lead concentration of ≥5 µg/dL (0.24 µmol/L)

5 days

Legionellosis

Legionella pneumophila 

Culture, IFA, DFA

Leptospirosis

Leptospira interrogans

Isolation, PCR

1 day

Listeriosis

Listeria monocytogenes

Isolation

24 hours

Lyme Disease

Borrelia burgdorferi

Culture, EIA, IFA WB

5 days

Malaria

Plasmodium spp.

RDT

5 days

Measles

Rubeola

Isolation, PCR, IgM antibody

24 hours

Meningococcal Disease

Neisseria meningitidis

Mumps

Mumps virus

Culture, PCR

Culture, PCR

24 hours

1 day

Pertussis

Bordetella pertussis

Plague

Yersinia pestis

Poliovirus infection

Polio virus

Isolation, PCR

Isolation, Serology

Culture, PCR

24 hours

24 hours

1 day

Psittacosis

Chlamydophila psittaci

Isolation, PCR, CF, MIF, Serology

24 hours

Q Fever

Coxiella burnetii

Rabies, animal

Lyssavirus

Culture, PCR, IHC, Serology  

Isolation, DFA

24 hours

24 hours

Rabies, human

Lyssavirus

Isolation, PCR, DFA

24 hours

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rickettsia spp.

Isolation, PCR, IHC, IFA

5 days

Rubella

Rubella virus

Salmonellosis, excluding paratyphoid and typhoid

Salmonella spp.

Isolation, PCR, Serology

Isolation, CIDT

24 hours

24 hours

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome- associated Coronavirus

SARS-CoV

Isolation, PCR, EIA

24 hours

Shigellosis

Isolation, PCR

Shigella spp.

24 hours

Silicosis 

Crystalline silica

Chest radiograph, Lung histopathology

3 months

Smallpox

Variola Virus

CDC Only

24 hours

Streptococcal disease, invasive Group A

Streptococcus pyogenes

Isolation

1 day

Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS)

Streptococcus pyogenes

Isolation and Clinical diagnosis

Tetanus

Clostridium tetani

Clinical diagnosis

24 hours

Toxic Shock Syndrome
(TSS), other than Streptococcal

Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes

Culture and Clinical diagnosis

1 day

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasma gondii

PCR, Serology

Trichinellosis

Trichinella spp.

Serology

Tuberculosis

Trichinella spp.

Isolation, NAAT

1 day

Tularemia

Francisella tularensis

Isolation, PCR, ELISA, Serology

24 hours

Typhoid/Paratyphoid Fever

Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi

Isolation

24 hours

Varicella/Chickenpox

Vibrio

Varicella virus

Vibrionaceae spp., other than Vibrio cholerae O1 or O139

Isolation, PCR, DFA, Serology

Isolation

24 hours

Viral Hemorrhagic Fever (VHF)

Includes:  Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Ebola virus, Lassa virus, Lujo virus, Marburg virus, New World arenaviruses including: Guanarito virus, Junin virus, Machupo virus, and Sabia virus

Isolation, PCR, ELISA IHC and Clinical diagnosis

Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever virus

Isolation, PCR, Serology

24 hours

This list does not include reportable STD’s.

5 days

5 days

5 days

5 days

*NOTE: The CDC Recommended Tests listed are for public health case classification.

Abbreviations Key 

CDIT - Culture-independent diagnostic test
IHC – Immunohistochemistry

CF - Complement fixation
MIF – Microimmunofluorescence

DFA - Direct Fluorescent antibody
NAAT – Nucleic acid amplification test

EIA - Enzyme immunoassay
PCR – Polymerase chain reaction

ELISA - Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay
RDT – Rapid diagnosis test

IFA - Immunofluorescence assay
WB – Western Blot

Resources (click to view)

  • Kentucky Administrative Regulations—
    Title 902: Cabinet for Health and Family Services, Department for Public Health

  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention—Diseases and Conditions

  • Kentucky Department for Public Health—
    Division of Epidemiologist and Health Planning